Hip fractures are characterized as any type of break in the upper region of the femur or thigh bone. The variety of broken bones generally depends on the circumstances and the force applied to the bone, where some can be more common than others. Impacted femoral neck fractures are common hip fractures which occur in many older adults in the United States.
Anatomy of Impacted Femoral Neck Fractures
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint which provides the femur the ability to bend and rotate at the pelvis. While any form of broken bones in the thigh bone or femur is considered a hip fracture, damage or injury to the socket, or acetabulum, itself is not considered a hip fracture. Below we will discuss hip fractures, particularly impacted femoral neck fractures, among others.
Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis
Hip fractures frequently occur due to a slip-and-fall accident or due to a direct blow to the hip. Various health issues, including osteoporosis and stress injuries, as well as cancer, can sometimes weaken the bones and make the pelvis more vulnerable to fractures. The neck of the femur is located under the ball of the hip joint. Impacted femoral neck fractures occur when a force presses against both ends of the femur at the femoral neck, pushing the broken ends of the bone together.
Patients with hip fractures experience symptoms of pain on the upper thigh or in the groin. They may also experience considerable discomfort with any attempt to flex or rotate the hip. In comparison to impacted femoral neck fractures, if the bone is completely broken, the leg may appear to be shorter than the non-injured leg. Also, the patient will hold the injured leg in a still position with the foot and knee turned outward in external rotation.
Diagnosis for hip fractures commonly involves the use of x-rays of the hip, pelvis and/or femur. In several instances, if the patient experiences a slip-and-fall accident or a direct blow to the hip resulting in impacted femoral neck fractures, they may not be seen on a regular x-ray. Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, may be recommended to view some cases of hip fractures. The MRI scan will typically demonstrate any hidden hip fractures. Computed tomography, or CT, scans may also be utilized instead.
Impacted femoral neck fractures are hip injuries which occur just below the femoral head, or the ball-and-socket hip joint, where the broken ends of the bone are jammed together by the force of the injury. This area of the thigh bone, or femur, is known as the femoral neck. Treatment for impacted femoral neck fractures may include rest and physical rehabilitation. Diagnosis for impacted femoral neck fractures is important for treatment.
Dr. Alex Jimenez D.C., C.C.S.T.
Treatment of Impacted Femoral Neck Fractures
Once a healthcare professional has diagnosed the patient’s hip fracture, their overall health and wellness will also be evaluated. Treatment for femoral neck stress fractures depends on the patient’s age and on the extent of the broken bone. Treatment for femoral neck stress fractures include bed rest for several days followed by a physical rehabilitation program.
Many femoral neck stress fractures are treated with surgery. It’s essential for the patient to talk to their doctor to discuss the best treatment option. The scope of our information is limited to chiropractic as well as to spinal injuries and conditions. To discuss the subject matter, please feel free to ask Dr. Jimenez or contact us at 915-850-0900 .
Curated by Dr. Alex Jimenez
Additional Topics: Chiropractic for Athletes with Back Pain
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