Dr. Alex Jimenez, El Paso's Chiropractor
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Treating Plantar Fasciitis

El Paso, TX. Chiropractor Dr. Alex Jimenez looks at types of treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis: a condition in which weight-bearing stress irritates and inflames the tough connective tissues along the bottom of the foot. Like stated by Mary Biancalana  Plantar Fasciitis? Maybe Not, So Don’t Ice It!most often, when pain is felt in the bottom of the foot, it is instantly diagnosed as plantar fasciitis. Since it is important to get an accurate diagnosis, it is important to correctly diagnose plantar fasciitis before treating. So, have you been properly diagnosed? Let’s learn more and how to treat plantar fasciitis!

Pathology

Plantar fasciitis develops when repetitive weight-bearing stress irritates and inflames the tough connective tissues along the bottom of the foot. High levels of strain stimulate the apo-neurosis to try to heal and strengthen. When the biochemical strain continues, it overwhelms the body’s repair capacity, and the ligaments begin to fail. This tear/repair process causes the chronic, variable symptoms that eventually can become unbearable for some patients.

Since the plantar fascia inserts into the base of the calcaneus, the chronic pull and inflammation can stimulate the deposition of calcium, resulting in a classic heel spur seen on a lateral radiograph. Unfortunately, there is no correlation between the resence of a heel spur and plantar fasciitis, since many heel spurs are clinically silent, and most cases of plantar fasciitis do not demonstrate a calcaneal spur. 1

 

 

Examination

Biomechanical evaluation may find either excessive pronation or supination. The flatter, hyperpronating foot overstretches the bowstring function of the plantar fascia, while the high-arched rigid foot places excessive tension on the plantar aponeurosis. In either case, the combination of improper foot biomechanics and excessive strain causes the connective tissue to become inflamed. A careful assesment of the weight bearing alignment of the lower extremeties is helpful, since many patients will have funactional imbalances in the kinetic chain, into the pelvis and spine.

Direct palpation of the plantar fascia will demonstrate discrete painful areas, most commonly at the insertion on the anterome-dial calcaneus.2  Fibrotic thickenings are frequently felt- these are remants of the repetitive tear and repair process. With the foot relaxed, grasp the toes and gently pull them up into passive dorsiflexion. Since this maneuver stretches the irritated plantar aponeurosis, it is frequently quite painful, which is an obviously positive objective sign.

Treatment

Acute Relief 

 

• Taping: temporary of support for the strained plantar fascia can be provided with figure-eight taping or with low-dye strapping
• Restricted activity: repetitive and straining activities should be strictly limited, intiaially. Immobilization is not recommended.
• Cryotherapy: Ice massage and/or cold packs help reduce pain and inflammation.

Healing

• Ultrasound: Initially pulsed, then constant and direct (once inflammation has subsided).
• Transverse friction massage: to stimulate blood flow and collagen deposition.3
Vitamin C with bioflavonoids: a natural anti-inflammatory that can speed healing

Adjustments

• Calcaneus: Reduction of the calcaneus posteririty to relieve sagittal stress. Kell’s technique uses a posterior-to-anterior thrust on a table with a pelvic drop piece.4
• Other foot joints: Brantingham found various areas of joint dysfunction in the tarsal and metatarsal koints in patients with plantar fasciitis.5 The navicular and first metatarsophalangeal joints are often involved.

Orthotic Support

• Orthotics for pronation: to support the arches and reduce the stress on the plantar fascia
• Orthotics for supination: arch support with added visco-elastic material to cushion the foot and decrease the amounf of shock at heel strike.
• Heel spur correction: A “divot” in the surface of the material under the heel to spread pressure away from the fascial insertion.

Rehabilitation 5

Heel and foot stretching: “Runner’s stretch” for the calf and the bottom of the foot.
• Intrinsic muscle strengthening: Toe curl excercises (while sitting, gather a towel on the floor up under the arch, and repeat three times).
• Extrinsic muscle strengthening: Toe raises (while standing on the edge of a stai, slowly rise up on balls of feet) and ankle stabilizing series with tubing

Conclusion

Plantar fasciitis usually responds well to focused, conservative treatment. Steroid injections and surgical release are seldom necessary and are best avoided. One of the most important treatment methods is to reduce any tendency to pronate excessively. In addition to custom-fitted orthotics, runner should wear well-designed shoes that provide good heel stability. The use of corrective orthotics can prevent many overuse problems from developing in the lower extremeties. Investigation of foot biomechanics is a good idea for all patients but especially those who are recreationally active.

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This blog was curated from the article titled “Plantar Fasciitis” by John K. Hyland, DC, DACBR, DABCO, CSCS and was published in the magazing The American Chiropractor Volume 38.

References:

1.      Lapidus PW, Guidotti FP. Painful heel: report of 323 patients with 364 painful heels. Clun Orthop 1965;39;178.
2.      Subotnick SI. Sports medicine of the lower extremity. New York; Churchill Livingston; 1989:237.
3.      Lear L. Transverse friction massage. Sports Med Update 1996;10:18-25.
4.      Kell PM. A comparative radiologic examination for unresponsive plantar fasciitis. J Manip Physiol Therap 1994;17:329-34.
5.      Kibler WB, et al. Functional rehabilitation of sports and musculoskeletal injuries. Gaithersburg, MA: Aspen Publishers; 1998:280.

Dr. Alexander Jimenez ♛
Advanced Chiropractic & Wellness Authority ⚕ Healthcare Educator • Injury, Sciatica Specialist • 915-850-0900 📞
We Welcome You 👊🏻.
Purpose & Passions: I am a Doctor of Chiropractic specializing in progressive, cutting-edge therapies and functional rehabilitation procedures focused on clinical physiology, total health, practical strength training, and complete conditioning. We focus on restoring normal body functions after neck, back, spinal and soft tissue injuries.

We use Specialized Chiropractic Protocols, Wellness Programs, Functional & Integrative Nutrition, Agility & Mobility Fitness Training and Cross-Fit Rehabilitation Systems for all ages.

As an extension to effective rehabilitation, we too offer our patients, disabled veterans, athletes, young and elder a diverse portfolio of strength equipment, high-performance exercises and advanced agility treatment options. We have teamed up with the cities premier doctors, therapist and trainers to provide high-level competitive athletes the possibilities to push themselves to their highest abilities within our facilities.

We’ve been blessed to use our methods with thousands of El Pasoans over the last three decades allowing us to restore our patients’ health and fitness while implementing researched non-surgical methods and functional wellness programs.

Our programs are natural and use the body’s ability to achieve specific measured goals, rather than introducing harmful chemicals, controversial hormone replacement, un-wanted surgeries, or addictive drugs. We want you to live a functional life that is fulfilled with more energy, a positive attitude, better sleep, and less pain. Our goal is to ultimately empower our patients to maintain the healthiest way of living.

With a bit of work, we can achieve optimal health together, no matter the age or disability.

Join us in improving your health for you and your family.

It’s all about: LIVING, LOVING & MATTERING! 🍎

Welcome & God Bless

EL PASO LOCATIONS

Central:
6440 Gateway East, Ste B
Phone: 915-850-0900

East Side:
11860 Vista Del Sol, Ste 128
Phone: 915-412-6677

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